All Recreation Coaches
To all TYSA Recreation Coaches:
First and foremost, TYSA extends a very sincere thank you for all of your support. Without your efforts as coaches, we would have no TYSA league for the kids to enjoy.
EVALUATIONS AND ASSESSMENTS FOR PLAYERS AND TEAM EQUITY
To those of you who returned player evaluations in the past, thank you. After each season it is very important for you to complete the evaluations for balancing teams in the future. Please send them to the Director of Coaching (firstname.lastname@example.org) as soon as possible at the end of each season.
Each August TYSA holds an assessment day for all recreational players between the ages of 6 ½ and 12. Our staff of professional coaches evaluate and assign numerical qualities to each player’s skills. You are encouraged to observe the players during this assessment day.
This assessment, coupled with your written evaluations, will be used during the drafts to ensure that teams are created with equity and parity in mind as a priority.
TYSA Evaluation Form for Coaches
Equipment: Speed ladders, speed and agility hurdles, speed rings
TYSA has purchased the equipment listed above for the use of all coaches. During TYSA’s preseason and early season coaching clinics, I will provide instruction to all interested coaches on how this equipment can be used to give your team opportunities for building strength, endurance, speed and agility while making it fun.
Coaching Clinics and Online Coaches Corner
Coaching clinics are held for all coaches who want more insight into the development of players as well as new training techniques. These clinics are geared for specific age groups. TYSA also holds a number of licensing courses.
TYSA holds a Recreation tournament at the end of each Spring Recreation season. Schedules are created during the season.
TYSA holds family oriented activities like Movie Night at Henderson Park. Watch for more information on our Calendar and emails.
The Recreation Director of Coaching posts topics and points of interests below for coaches, parents and players alike.
Coaching in Uneven Matches
Attached is a short article “Coaching in Uneven Matches” (by Robert Parr) that I just received. It provides some concrete suggestions on how teams and leagues should deal with this situation, with the premise that every game represents an opportunity for all players to learn something.
Because soccer is a very inclusive game, youth soccer teams differ greatly in terms of ability and experience. Uneven match-ups will result on occasion (especially in tournaments), so you are likely to be involved in at least a few games each season where one team is far better than the other. At more advanced levels of the game, an occasional blowout will certainly be an unwelcome affront, but players generally have the maturity to learn a few lessons from the outcome and move on. When this happens in youth soccer, though, it is in the interest of all participants to level the competition in some way so that each player continues to experience a game that better matches the challenges of the game with each player’s ability level.
To understand why this is the case, consider the premise that every game represents an opportunity for players to learn something. However, uneven matches may teach our players lessons we would prefer they avoid! For example, we want our players to approach each game with respect toward their opponent, and to never assume that a win is assured simply by “showing up”. We also want our players to perform at their best in every practice and every game, so that we reinforce proper habits and work rate.
Unfortunately, when players discover they can give less than their best effort and still win, most will do just that. Conversely, when players perceive that even their best effort will have no positive bearing on the outcome of the match, they also tend to give halfhearted performances. Either way, every player involved in a match like this will have reinforced the wrong attitudes and habits required to develop as a player, and few will take any joy away from the experience.
How should teams and leagues deal with situations like these? One common approach, often called the “mercy rule” or “knock-out rule”, dictates that a game will end if one team obtains a certain margin of victory (7 goals, 10 goals, etc.) at any point in the game. On paper, this policy appears to minimize the embarrassment suffered by the losing team, but the reality is that the players involved are effectively told “you aren’t even worth playing for a full match”! Further, this rule does nothing to create a more appropriate playing environment during the minutes that were played, and it reduces playing time for all players (especially for substitutes, who may not play any minutes if the last few goals are scored in quick succession).
Another common suggestion is to simply tell your players to reduce their efforts at scoring more goals. Though this line of thought may be well-intentioned, instructions like “don’t score any more” or “don’t try so hard” send the wrong message and don’t aid the development of any player. Telling your players to ignore obvious goal-scoring opportunities is arguably more disrespectful of the opponent than “running up the score”, and will only lead to disillusioned players on both sides of the score line.
Instead, it is better to increase the difficulty for a dominant player or team to score additional goals by making a few modifications to the playing environment. If the win has been ensured, then the following adjustments can allow you to actually increase your demands on your players while also granting a more realistic challenge to the opposing team…
Reduce numbers. The first, and easiest, adjustment you can make is to take a player off the field, and then play down a player (or two, if necessary). This change will require your players who remain on the field to work harder to compensate for the missing teammate, and it also increases the time and space available to the trailing team. In addition,
this is a great way for your players to practice playing in a numbers-down situation, which often occurs at older age groups (due to injuries, absences, or player ejections).
Impose touch restrictions. In youth soccer, we often see goals scored simply as a result of the “bigger, faster athlete” dribbling the length of the field and scoring on his or her own. If the other team isn’t able to present a suitable defense against such a player, you can impose a two- or three-touch limit on this player (or all your players) so that they have to rely on passing and movement off the ball (instead of solo dribbling efforts) to score more goals.
Focus on possession. You can also require your players to complete a minimum number of consecutive passes (without losing possession) before they are permitted to score. Again, this will force your players to do more passing and off-ball movement to succeed, and will make scoring more difficult since your opponent will now have more time for players to recover defensively. From the viewpoint of tactical development, a possession-based restriction also teaches your players how to score using a “build-up” attack, as opposed to simply relying on quick counterattacks to score.
Emphasize defensive responsibilities. Once you have the outcome of the match essentially secured, you should re-assert your expectations regarding your team’s defensive effort. For example, you can set a goal to “preserve the shutout” or to “not allow any more goals” by your opponent. Since players tend to relax (or become outright lazy) on defense when they have a comfortable lead, these types of goals can be timely reminders of the habits you desire from your team.
Limit your scoring methods. Finally, you might consider specifying a particular (and challenging) method of scoring for additional goals. If you require players to score from either a volley or a header, then you also force players to practice attacking from the wings and delivering crosses in the air. You can require players to score shots from outside the penalty area, which encourages them to practice their long-range finishing. Since you don’t have to play to your strengths to ensure victory in this match, this is an ideal time to work on any areas
of weakness that affect your team.
The key to success in these situations will always be found by looking at the problem from the perspective of player development. There is no single “right” answer to this problem, but applying guidelines like the ones above can help you turn a disappointing match-up into a valuable learning opportunity for everyone involved.
Training the New Goalkeeper
8 part series that introduces
concepts to those interested in being a goalkeeper.
Part 1: Goalkeeper Fundamentals
Goalkeepers as a result of the back pass rule and now the six second rule has caused the role of the goalkeeper to change. These restrictions not only affect the keeper, but they also affect the team as a whole.
As I have said numerous times in the past, goalkeeper experts are not the best goalkeeper coaches. It is the game that is the best goalkeeper coach. However, a knowledgeable goal coach can guide the keeper by combining the assessment of technical efficiency, psychological makeup, and the physical aspects of training with the tactical aspects of matches.
When you fit the goalkeeper into the team training, you will be able to address such issues as: Shot handling and crosses under pressure, initiating the attack from the back, back pass strategies, defensive restarts, off side trap, spacing between the keeper and defenders, team communication, etc. It is also important that the goalkeeper’s voice is familiar to his or her teammates. Not only the tone of the voice, but the terminology as well. A well organized defense sees fewer shots and thus concedes fewer goals. This organization needs to be trained. At Grampus, we are presented with a communication challenge. There are several different nationalities of players on the team and is thus critical for the goalkeeper to learn specific commands in each foreign player’s language.
The goal coach/head coach relationship is important for many reasons. A line of communication must always be kept open. This will prepare your goalkeeper to meet the needs of the team without having any surprises or being unprepared.
The goalkeeper warm-up should reflect the tactical theme of the training session. As an example, if the team will be focusing on attacking from the flanks, then your goalkeeper lesson plan should have a warm-up that prepares the keepers to handle crosses. The goalkeepers should always be informed of the activities of the team training. Always give sufficient time to prepare the keepers for the demands of the team training sessions.
Part 2: Playing off their line
The ability and knowledge of how to be a sweeper/keeper will make a difference in how successful you are as a keeper now and I believe that in the very near future, it will make a difference in whether you are a keeper or not as it really looks like that is the direction the position is going. The question for you as a keeper is whether you want to keep up or fall behind?
Too many keepers seem content to stay on their line and be a shot blocker as opposed to really playing the role properly. Rather then having a 10-person team plus a keeper, with a better understanding of the sweeper/keeper role, a keeper can add many facets to the game.
When an opposing team plays high pressure against your team, one of the easiest ways to relieve this pressure is to play balls back to the keeper. When an opposing team plays low pressure against you, one of the easiest ways to spread them back is to pull them out of their bunker by playing balls back to the keeper (notice a pattern here?). When your team pushes up hard after playing a ball forward, the keeper must go with them (partially) in order to cover the space over the top. When an early diagonal ball is played into a corner, the keeper must be prepared to win that ball. When an opponent is pressuring
the last defender who is facing her own goal, the keeper must make herself available for the pass back. As you have probably noticed, in none of these instances does the keeper have the option of using her hands so she MUST be prepared to use her foot skills as if she were any other field player.
What is the best way for a keeper to prepare for this situation? She should play as much soccer as possible. When she can’t be in goal, play as a field player (if you have read my views on most indoor soccer, you shouldn’t be surprised to find that I consider indoor soccer to be a great time for keepers to work on their field skills). Most of the better keepers I have been around have actually been quite adequate field players as well (I do realize I will be hearing from some of these keepers for calling them adequate field players since some of them consider themselves to be much better then adequate but the truth hurts sometimes!).
A keeper also must be prepared to handle bad passes back as well as balls they must play out of the box. In order to do this, balls should be served into the keepers that aren’t easy to handle and they should practice both bringing these hard to handle balls down to their feet quickly as well as clearing them first time. One of the keys is the first time clears must be able to be done with either foot.
Also, a keeper must be able to distribute safely and accurately from the keeper/sweeper position. The last thing a team wants when they play a ball back to their keeper is for her to kick the ball aimlessly down field (unless, of course, she is under tremendous pressure). This is where the ability to hit an accurate ball between 20-40 yards is extremely important (and equally important is the ability to know where to hit the ball to).
Part 3: How Far Off The Line Should The Goalkeeper Be?
Too often I see keepers camped out on their goal line while the play is going on in the other keeper’s box miles away. This leaves a giant space behind the defense for a dangerous long ball to be played. The goalkeeper is the General out on the field. The keeper needs to stay connected with the defense to communicate and organize the players. This requires
a keeper to be close enough to communicate with the team and cover the space behind the defense but at the appropriate distance to not get caught by a long shot from an attacker.
Goalkeepers should take up the line between the ball and the middle of the goal and position themselves at a place off their goal line to act as a sweeper – keeper. Younger keepers, youth coaches, or keepers without foot skills will not be terribly comfortable with this but it is a critical part of team defending. Goalkeepers can offer themselves as a back pass
option or clear away any long through ball behind the defense if they adjust their positioning on the field based on the looming threat.
Positioning is based on ball location on the entire field.
The other 18:
If the ball is on the other side of the field around the other 18, the keeper should be at least at the top of their 18 yard box. If the keeper moves along with the play he or she is
closer to the action in the event that instructions need to be shouted to defenders on marking responsibilities; to clear a ball played into space behind the defense; or offer themselves as a pass back option. When the play is on the other end of the field this is not the time to turn off and out. The keeper has to stay focused in the event of a long clearing attempt. It is important to stay loose, shake out the hands and arms, and focus on the game. This is the time to organize marks and defensive shape in the event the ball is turned over; better yet send players into support. Sometimes it is as simple as communicating and shifting the weak side center midfielder to offer more support or be in position for counter attack through the midfield.
When the play is at midfield:
As the play moves out of the defensive third you want your keeper moving to or above the penalty strip, 12 yards off the line. The keeper should be square to the attacker in possession of ball positioned properly in the correct angle. Their placement will depend on where the ball is at midfield. Why is it that we teach our keeper the importance of the correct angle during the shot save but not when the ball is out of immediate danger? Proper positioning while the ball is around midfield can help a keeper deal with through balls that lead to breakaway situations. You know the space that I referring to. The space that is halfway between the end line and the half line. Often a lofted 20 â€“ 30 yard ball played in this area over the defense to a breaking striker causes the defense to panic leading to countless breakaway situations. If the keeper is positioned properly they may be in a better position to sprint out to deal with the danger or at least communicate with the defense to minimize the treat.
The team and keeper need to become familiar with the area behind the defense and in front of the keeper to understand who’s ball is it and when. Determining factors are the placement and speed of the attacker, pace and placement of the pass, depth of the keeper, and location of the defense. Playing higher off the keeper’s line will allow the keeper to sweep up any balls within reason and without tremendous risk. The keeper has to be exposed to these situations to understand risk verse reward and what is within their range. Playing higher also helps the keeper stay connected with their defense in order to communicate and organize.
As part of my goalkeeper instruction I instill the importance of their movement, how it helps in team defending, and concentration. Staying focused on the developing play is one of many ways to keep your pulse on the game and in proper position not to mention a defensive asset.
When the attack is in the defensive 3rd, in and around 30 yards away from the goal:
The keeper should be positioned 3 to 6 yards off the goal line depending on their comfort level and the location of the ball. A ball that is being played from around 30 – 35 yards out is of concern but should not be a real scoring threat. A diagonal pass or a chip over the top of the defense into the empty space outside or in the upper portion of the 18 is more of a reality. This is where many breakaway situations occur. Once the ball is under control the striker has a better angle to shoot the ball. If the keeper is playing higher in their comfort zone then they are in a better position to win the ball cleanly, make the decision to narrow the angle, or instruct the first defender to keep the defender outside. Breakaway situations arise much more frequently from this scenario than a chipping opportunity caused by a keeper’s poor positioning. With the ball 30-35 yards out a keeper can see when a player is not under pressure and ready to chip the ball. If needed with a quick drop-step and footwork a keeper can retreat closer to their line if there is a threat of a shot. The keeper should be adjusting their positioning depending on the location of the ball and the pressure around the ball.
Will a keeper get chipped or get caught way too far out clearing a ball while working out the bugs? Sure. That is part of the educational process. The keeper and team will learn by making decisions. The keeper will learn where to be during certain situations, at what depth, with what stance, and how to deal with varying through balls. The team will learn to depend on the keeper as a critical member of the defense for a pass back option as well as a sweeper to deal with appropriate through balls.
Part 4: Characteristics and attributes of a quality Goalkeeper
- Minimizing the space and ‘standing still’ when a shot, cross or pass is struck
- 1 v 1
- Joining game play outside of the penalty area
- The back pass
- Punt; volley and drop-kick
- Goal kick
TACTICS, POSSESSION AND POSITIONING
- During play, with: shots, crosses, through balls and 1v1.
- During set plays: Free kicks and throw-ins
- Mastering the areas: – in front of goalkeeper (depth) – besides goalkeeper (flanks) – behind goal-
- keeper (lobs)
- Choice and moment of holding the ball, kicking to clear the ball, change the point of attack
- Speed – course speed
- - handling speed
- - reactions
Part 5: Dealing with the through ball
One of the hardest technical and also part tactical skills to teach a young goalkeeper is when and how to deal with through balls effectively.
When the ball is at the other end of the field, many keepers tend to stay in the comfort of the shadow of their goal posts. Then when a long ball is played through the defense, the keeper finds herself going 1 v 1 against a fast striker. If the goal keeper learns to play well off her line, she can often get to the ball before the striker and clear it out of trouble. Because this often means that the keeper must get to the ball while it is outside the 18, the keeper must develop confidence in her ability to clear the ball. This set of drills is designed to help develop that confidence.
For all the drills place a cone about 50 yards away from the goal about 10 yards in from the sideline. The cone serves as a target for the keeper. The keeper wants to clear the ball to the cone. Never let the keeper work on clearing the ball without a target.
Start with an easy ball played through that the keeper can control with little trouble.
Start with the keeper at the top of the 18 in the middle of the field. Slowly roll balls toward the keeper from about 30 yards out. The keeper should sprint out and clear the ball to the
target. Make sure that the ball is rolled slowly to the keeper. You want to start the training with success. Stress getting to the ball quickly, clearing the ball so that it gets up in the
air, and clearing the ball to the target. It is important that the ball gets up in the air (the importance of getting the ball up in the air is demonstrated by the US Mexico game when
Keller cleared the ball into the Mexico attacker and into the goal).
Once the keeper is able to handle easy balls with no pace, add pace. But not too much. You want to make sure the keeper is successful. Start placing more emphasis on hitting the target. This is an example of the keeper being the first line of offense.
Move to mid-field and start kicking the ball to the keeper. Kicked balls tend to bounce and do funny things and are harder to deal with than rolled balls. Again add emphasis on hitting
the target. If the keeper has trouble dealing with kicked balls, go back to step 2. Build confidence by making sure that the keeper succeeds.
When the keeper can deal with kicked balls, add passive pressure either with another player or a cone. The keeper should learn to one touch the ball away from the pressure and then clear it. Again you want to make sure that the keeper hits the target.
Add active pressure by having a striker follow the kicked ball. Start with the striker going at about 50% remember you want the keeper to build confidence. As the keeper’s ability improves, the striker can go 100%. The striker should start about 10-15 yards behind mid-field at first. If the striker is having trouble putting pressure on the keeper, let her start at mid-field.
Note: Although the emphasis on dealing with through balls should be on starting the attack, the keeper should also be taught the idea of safety first. If the pressure is high, then instruct the keeper to kick the ball out of play in any direction necessary. Usually this means kicking the ball over the sideline.
Part 6: Dealing with breakaways
Breakaways can be the most fun part of being goalkeeper. Nothing is more fun than stuffing a striker who is sure that she/he is going to score. And nothing lifts your defense and whole team more than stuffing the striker as she/he is about to score!
The first thing to remember about dealing with breakaways is that the pressure is on the striker–the striker is supposed to beat you. There is no pressure on you. So be confident.
Dealing with breakaways begins before the breakaway ever happens. You must constantly pay attention to the game and how it is developing. And you must be aware of where the last defender is and concentrate on the space between you and the defender. You must be able to control this space. If you can control this space, you can avoid having to deal with a great many breakaways.
The key to dealing with breakaways is aggressive play. You must be ready and willing to commit to exploding off the line with these objectives:
Option 1: Get to the ball before the attacker does. (See dealing with through balls)
Option 2: Get to the ball before the attacker shoots. Many times an attacker will make a mistake and allow the ball to get away from her before she shoots. This is the time to get the ball.
Option 3: Get the ball as soon as she shoots.
Option 4: Get set into position and get the ball just after she shoots.
As you can see the whole idea of dealing with breakaways is to get to the ball as soon as possible. If you can not get to the ball before the attacker does, get out to a spot where you leave the attacker a little of the goal to shoot out as possible. Take up a well balanced position and force the attacker into an error. Make the attacker commit first. You must retain the ability to change the speed and direction of your attack on the ball. Even in mid-air. This ability is often what separates the good from the excellent keepers.
When you are going 1 v 1 remember that you can use your hands. So, when you dive cover the near post with your hands and the far post with you legs and feet. The dive should be a parallel dive. Attacking players try to avoid shooting at a keeper’s hands. So they will often shoot wide of the near post in an attempt to keep the ball away from your hands. Attackers are also afraid of the keepers feet and legs, so if they go far post, they will often attempt to go wide around you. This gains time for your defense to recover. And often the attacker will
kick the ball out of bounds.
Avoid attacking feet first. When you attack feet first, you reduce the area of the goal you can cover. This puts you in a position that makes it difficult to recover for a second attack on the ball.
Because it is scary going at an attacker’s feet with your hand (and also your face), many keepers attack feet first. Work with a friend at slow speed to develop the technique of attacking with your hands first. When you are comfortable with the idea, have your friend pick up the speed.
Additional comments on dealing with breakaways
The best way to deal with breakaways and 1 v 1 situations is to prevent them by controlling the space between the keeper and the last defender. If this fails, then you need to prevent the goal. Here are some tips for dealing with the situation.
Attack the shooter by coming out hard and low and under control. You come out low to force the shooter to shot high. That’s the lowest percentage chance for the attacker. Don’t’ get
If the attacker tries to chip you, leap forward and attack the ball. This reduces the angle available to the shooter and give you the best chance to make the save. Be sure that you leap
forward and not back or straight up. If you lead back or lean back away from the shot, you give up more of the goal. If you watch lots of soccer, you’ll see that many keepers lean
back in this situation. You don’t want to do this. Remember attack the ball.
Part 7: Decision Making
Drills for decision making on coming out for the ball
The decision making process of a goalkeeper in coming out of the box after a ball must be learned, but Joe DeMay, GK Coach for the Youngstown State University women’s program and for Mahoning Valley Premier FC has provided a set of drills to help the GK learn to make the proper decisions. Give these drills a try at your next practice.
“This is a tough situation to fully replicate in a training session, but there are a couple drills that can help. When I say it is tough to fully replicate I mean that a lot of the decision making process is left out….you can do all three of these drills as much as you want but they never make up for match experience (which for the GK is the most important thing, perhaps more so than any other player on the field).
Anyway, these drills can be changed, enhanced, etc. to any extent, I’m just going to present them in their basic form.
GK Activity 1
The first one is really simple and has a few variations. You need a server around the mid circle and a line of attackers about 10-15 yards in front of the server (the distance will vary on the type of ball being served. The server plays the ball long (ground, air, bouncing, doesn’t matter), the attacker runs to it to try and play it, and the GK must decide what to do. The options are fairly simple: a) come out to the top of the box to collect before attacker gets there b) come out of box to clear it before the attacker can run on to it c) challenge the attacker with the ball at his/her feet at the top of the box or d) stay back a bit and wait for the attacker to get further into the box before challenging. The elements that go into the decision the GK makes are quite numerous. The speed of the ball, the speed of the pitch, the speed of the attacker, the speed of the GK, the strengths and stature of the GK, any information on the attacker the GK might know (left footed, likes to chip on breakaways, favorite move, etc.), the relative position of defenders and trailing attackers, how well the attacker has the ball under control, the angle of the attacker’s approach, how composed the attacker looks if the ball is at his/her feet to name most of them. Seems like a lot and almost impossible to do in a split second, but as GK I’ve got at least that much going through my head when I see a potential breakaway coming. If I make a mistake on any one of those judgments I can usually tell you exactly which on it is as the ball is flying (or rolling) toward the back of the net. Not a good time to figure it out, but realizing your mistakes is a great teacher.
Anyway, you can add variations to this by adding a trailing defender, a defender coming from the side, etc. You can also vary the service points, that is, serve it from the flanks with the attackers coming from the same position. Return to top
GK Activity 2
The second drill can involve the whole team, which I know GK love because it makes them feel more involved with the team. Divide the players up into 3 or four lines of 4-6 (depending on your squad size, of course) about 25-35 yards from goal. The first player stands with his/her back toward the goal, legs spread shoulder width apart, and a ball between their feet. The second player taps the ball between the legs of the first player, the first player turns to attack goal and the second player chases as a defender.
It’s a clear breakaway, so the GK needs to decide how and when to come out. The possibility that the defender might recover to challenge for the ball also exists. It’s unlikely that the defender will recover to get the ball, but you should stress to them to recover to a position behind the onrushing GK to cover their line should a ball slip by.
This may be a bit advanced for some age groups, but it’s something that may be useful one day. On the club team I play with I happen to have the luxury of playing with the sweeper I played with since I was 14 so we know each other pretty well. On breakaways we know each other well enough that I delay the attacker long enough to allow Josh (my sweeper) to get into position should I not be able to come up with the ball. Once he has arrived at that spot I can now attack the ball with the comfort of knowing I have help behind me. I snuff out enough breakaways on my own, but I cannot count the number of times Josh has cleared the ball off my line. It’s much better going in for a ball knowing I’ve got some help back on my goal line. Ok, probably a lot more info than any of you wanted:))).
The variations on this one are fairly simple. Have both players sit, kneel, lay down and on a signal of your designation get up and score/defend. Oh, I almost forgot to mention that you designate line numbers for each line and you call out which number goes next, that way it makes things a little less predictable for everybody.
GK Activity 3
The final thing, that most closely replicates match related play (besides full scrimmaging) is 1 v 1 and 2 v 2 either in the box or on a 25 or 30 x 20 field. Even if you go with two goals on the small field, let the players on both teams attack at either goal, it will create a lot more breakaway type of situations. Don’t concentrate too much on what the field players are doing, focus on the GK’s decisions and technique. There are tons of different ways to set this up to get what you want. Sometimes I’ll set up and arc (with field marking paint) in front of the goal (similar to the three point arc in B-ball) and tell the attackers they can only score from INSIDE the arc. This insures that the attackers will be dribbling at the GK and taking shots at close range, which forces him/her to decide if they’re staying back or coming out.
Hope this helped. There are other drills, but these are the best ones and they’re also easy to incorporate into a full team practice as I know most of you aren’t afforded the luxury of a GK coach. Any questions will gladly be answered.”
Part 8: Communication
Communication is a key for every player on the soccer field, and especially so for the goalkeeper. Once the keeper has made a decision, the defenders need to know what it is. The goalkeeper also must be a organizer and general on the field – they are the only player who faces the field the whole time and are the best positioned to see the development of the play.
The keeper should know at least these two basic calls:
“Keeper!”: this means the goalkeeper is making a play on the ball, defenders should get out of the way.
“Away!”: this means the opposite – the keeper is not going after the ball and the defense should pursue it. It is usually used for crosses or corners. The keeper must yell these commands loudly and repeat them if necessary. There must be no doubt in anyone’s mind who’s ball it is! This even includes the opposing team – forwards will sometimes back off if they think the keeper is coming hard.
The keeper should also direct traffic and position defenders on the field. Don’t expect a lot of this to occur with young keepers, especially those who don’t play in goal full time, but with experience a 14 or 15 year old full-time goalkeeper should be able to scan the field and the set the defense as necessary. To do this, the keeper must be a student of the game – they must know:
KNOW….The defensive scheme used by the team and how the coach wants the defenders to play
KNOW….Tendencies and strengths of the opposing team and opposing players
KNOW….The role of first defender, second defender, third defender to make adjustments on the fly
KNOW….The role of first, second and third attackers to help anticipate how the attack may develop
In short, they must be a second coach out on the soccer field. This is a tall order for a youth soccer player, but here are a few points that will help develop this.
Be loud and repetitive. It can be hard to hear out on the field, especially for someone on the ball with their head down. Make sure the message gets through.
Be individualistic and specific with commands. Yelling “Mark up!” or “Who’s on #10?” often isn’t enough – tell specific players what to do (“Ben, mark #10″ or “Ashley, Sophie, shift
one mark to the right”).
Work from the ball outwards. The keeper should focus on the ball carrier first, and arrange defenders near the ball first. When danger is less imminent, set the defenders who
are further away.
Arrange to get feedback from defenders.
It can be eye contact, a wave of the hand, a verbal okay, but have defenders let the goalkeeper know they were heard. The goalkeeper will be able to shift focus knowing the defender is set, and the defender won’t have the keeper yelling at them for something they already heard.
If keeper does not call then its the players ball. If they keeper does not call, the defenders must take responsibility. The defense should never assume the keeper has a ball unless the keeper calls for it; they should go for the ball unless they hear otherwise. A few collisions with their own defense in practice should quickly teach a quiet keeper the value of calling loudly for the ball!
Communication between the goalkeeper and defenders is a key to making the defense function as a unit.
I have a Bachelors Degree in Psychology and have a passion for Sports Psychology. This section may be longer then others but if you can get into the minds of the players you can achieve greatness ! The psychological component refers to he intangible part of the game such as: Mental toughness, emotions, stress and attitude toward ones self.
Concentration, confidence, control and commitment (the 4C’s) are generally considered the main mental qualities that are important for successful performance in most sports.
The techniques of relaxation, centering and mental imagery can assist an athlete to achieve the 4 C’s.
Watch This Video On Player Development Philosophy! Brazil consistently produces the best soccer players in the world, and why? This 30 minute video compares our system to the player development system in Brazil and draws valuable lessons for youth coaches and parents in GA. It was created by the GA Soccer Coaching Dept. To watch this video, click on the link BELOW
The physical component includes the following : Endurance, flexibility, agility, balance, speed, strength, power
The tests described are the result of numerous sessions refining the selection and methods of testing. These tests have been applied to hundreds of players from u-12 through National Teams for both men and women. Following are explanations on the rationale for the selection of tests, the method of testing, and areas to watch for so that your learning curve will be short.
Make sure the players are well warmed up prior to testing. You should use your discretion to pull players from certain tests due to an injury or illness. Group players in equal numbers. They start at any station then rotate through all stations as a group. The “beep” test is done at the end as a group. The entire testing session usually takes 2.0-2.5 hours for about 30 players. All tests are done on grass in the players preferred cleated shoes.
As a recreation coach, you could maybe do 2 tests a session, or have a pre season workout where you cover these during the “pre season”.
The tactical component refers to the decision-making a part of the game. This is the when, why, what and where part of the game.
In order to best coach the game and make certain what we are teaching the players is correct, we need to make sure that we understand the game. The Tactical Soccer Situations Test (www.NSCAA.com) helps test our tactical decisions making during the game so it better helps us teach this at practice.
Knowing the game tactically will translate onto the practice field and will produce results at game time
TYSA’s Rec. coach should be aware of the development of each individual player and these four key components of soccer will help achieve full development.